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The Invisible Church Essay, Research Paper The purpose of this paper is ask and attempt to answer the question of the presence of religion during oppressionistic times, particularly during the enslavement of black people in the United States.
Thornton Stringfellow, a Baptist minister of Culpepper County, Virginia, during the s was one of the most forceful and popular preachers of the biblical defense of slavery. Scriptural and Statistical Views in Favor of Slavery, a widely article published inStringfellow stated that the institution of slavery has received.
The biblical curse upon Ham is the centerpiece of White Cultural domination. Stringfellow believed that masters should have absolute authority over theirs slaves and that the masters had the right to expect unfailing obedience from them. Southern White Christians had a religion that saw the African as people, yes, but as an inferior people who needed parenting.
This relationship allowed the master to regulate the actions and behaviors of the slave, as a parent would do the same for their child or children.
Slave owners where confident that he being the slave s superior knew what was right and best for the slave and this justified the demand for unfailing obedience. This was to be attained through the use of moral persuasion or if necessary the use of physical force. Ross, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Huntsville, Alabama, during the s had this to say.
There were times where slaves dutifully played the role of a child in relating to their masters and earned rewards. This is true of Mary, a slave in St.
Louis, who remembers her life with the Armstrong family: Will and Miss Olivia sure is good to me, and I never calls Mr. Will Massa neither, but when there s company I calls him Mr.
Will and roundthe house by ourselves I calls them Pappy and Mammy, cause they raise me up from a little girl.
White Christian slaveowners had the tendency to see their slaves as inferior to themselves and that inferiority required parenting those who they deemed inferior.
This paternalism justified the segregation and exploitation that were very critical to in keeping the economic interests of the community.
This idea of paternalism raised a very disturbing question amongst the leadership of the church. Should African slaves be forced to conform to the religion or should the remain as they are seen in the eyes of their masters, as heathens.
Richard Allen, founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church inendorses the christianization of Blacks he described his master as an affectionate and tender-hearted man who after becoming Christian, worshipped with his slaves and respected them as fellow-believers: While living with him we slaves had family prayer in the kitchen, to which he frequently would come out of himself at the time of prayer and my mistress with him.
At length he invited us from the kitchen to the parlor to hold family prayer, which we attended. As a Christian, Allen s owner, could not be satisfied to hold slaves, believing it to be wrong, and, acting on this conviction, he allowed Richard and his brother to purchase their freedom.
Slaveowners maintained that it was their responsibility before God, the pragmatically argued that it did not challenge White domination. Thus, they tended to spiritually interpret, but did nothing to change the existing power relations based on race.
Blacks were slaves, and Christians or Non-Christians, Whites were free. On the other hand, some slaveholders were resistant to the christianization of their slaves. One of the best examples is the attitude of Master Hugh, the owner of Frederick Douglass, who chastised his wife for teaching Frederick to read the Scriptures.St.
Paul's Lutheran Church, Washington and Smallwood streets in Cumberland, from 4 to 6 p.m. on Thursday, Aug. 11, will host Bountiful Blessings, a program that provides working families cleaning supplies, paper goods and personal hygiene items.
It will forever be a link between “the ages of feudalism to modern times.” The principles of Humanism were first brought to light in the west during the Renaissance period. It was used to denote the revival of interest from artists and scholars in the ancient writings of Greek and Roman philosophers.
During class in Fall and in Spring , observations were conducted and field notes were written during approximately three class sessions per week beginning at the start of the school year.
Oppression definition is - unjust or cruel exercise of authority or power. How to use oppression in a sentence. unjust or cruel exercise of authority or power; something that oppresses especially in being an unjust or excessive exercise of power See the full definition.
Religion Approaches to the Study of Religion Winter Term TTh – (GH) Newcomb 28B The study of religion as it is pursued in the . Mar 04, · And religions gain strength during the natural heightening of emotions that occurs in times of personal crisis, when the faithful often turn to shamans or priests.